Multimodal Approach


In order to respond adequately to the acute, intense, complex and chronic needs of adolescents, we use a multimodal approach. This approach uses three guiding principles at the grass-roots level:

  • focusing on the person, preventing the onset of behavioral problems, and addressing the causes.

  • Thus, any intervention concerning behavioral disorders (BD) of the young person is based on understanding the difficulties of the young person and focusing on his interests, understanding more specifically his personal progress, improving his quality of life. And the quality of their learning conditions)

  • The development of their skills and the increase of their control over their lives. Indeed, any effective intervention with regard to the young people's BDs is based on a global approach of the person and is elaborated from his personal motivations, in order to enable him to develop new abilities to modify his behaviors considered problematic.



Second, intervention from a multimodal perspective focuses on preventing the onset of BD rather than BD control or direct behavioral intervention. Thus, it is much more effective to proactively address the causes of behavior and find new responses to BDs.


This approach advocates acting on the antecedents and on the factors allowing a de-escalation of the problematic behaviors, behaviors that otherwise could lead to a situation of psychosocial crisis associated with the serious disorders of behavior of the young person.


Finally, the majority of intervention efforts focus on the underlying causes of problematic behavior. Indeed, in a multimodal approach, any problematic behavior is considered to be multifactorial and multicausal.

  • Thus, it is more effective to modify or eliminate the causes often to seek only to control the person's behavior through various means of punishment or coercion. It is crucial to recognize that all of the person's behaviors are intended to adapt to a situation such as he or she perceives or interprets. Thus, the person tries by means, probably inappropriate, to meet needs, most of the time, legitimate.

  • The Institution, in collaboration with the resource, co data to identify all possible causes of occurrence and maintenance of one or more problem behaviors. These analyzed data are translated into causal hypotheses to identify interventions that can eliminate or reduce the influence of these explanatory factors.

  • The intervention plan allows for preventive adjustments; identifying means of prevention to use when early warning signs indicate a greater likelihood of acting out; And, finally, direct treatment of BD causes.

  • The treatment envisages teaching the young person a socially acceptable alternative, to fulfill the same function or a function equivalent to his problematic behavior. This includes designing self-control scenarios in the person (eg, walking out), scenarios that better manage negative emotions, while preserving the environment from negative consequences associated with BP, such as aggressive behaviors.